MAJOR INTERNATIONAL AIDS RESEARCH COLLABORATIONS

BENIN
ITM; NAP
Transmission
BOTSWANA
Gaborone
Harvard University; McGill University; MoH
Antiretroviral resistance
Bristol-Myers Squibb, 2000 ($1.2 million)
Gaborone and various villages
Harvard University; MoH
MTCT, vaccine design, viral subtypes, VTN
NIH, 1997 ($500,000)
BURKINA FASO
Bobo-Dioulasso
Centre Muraz: Organization for Coordination and Cooperation Against Endemic Diseases, ANRS
MTCT, sex workers, genetic diversity, disease progression
ANRS, 1995 ($200,000)
CAMEROON
Yaoundé
IRD, ITM, Cameroon CDC, University of Yaoundé
Subtypes, treatment, transmission, variability
EC
Yaoundé
ITM, University Hospital
Transmission
EC, ANRS
Yaoundé
New York University, University of Yaoundé
Immunology, subtypes
NIH ($327,000)
Countrywide
Hôpital Bichat, Pasteur Institute, Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center
SIVs and new HIVs
NIH, ANRS ($668,000*)
CÔTE D'IVOIRE
Abidjan
Projet RETRO-CI: U.S. CDC, MoH
Epidemiology, MTCT, opportunistic infections, STDs, sex workers
CDC, 1988 ($4 million)
Abidjan
ANRS, French Cooperation, INSERM (French biomedical research agency), Treichville University, NAP
Epidemiology, MTCT, opportunistic infections, STDs
ANRS, 1994 ($1.3 million)
Abidjan
Imperial College London, ITM, NAP
Microbicides
EC, 1988
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Kinshasa
Johns Hopkins University, Zaire University
Immunology
NIH
ETHIOPIA
Addis Ababa
ENARP: Ethio-Netherlands AIDS Research Project; University of Amsterdam, Netherlands Red Cross
Natural history, epidemiology, viral subtypes
Netherlands Ministry for Development and Cooperation, 1994 ($2 million)
GABON
Franceville
International Center for Medical Research, Hôpital Bichat, Pasteur Institute, Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center
Primate SIVs and HIVs
NIH, ANRS ($668,000*)
GAMBIA
Fajara
U.K. MRC, Oxford, University College London
HIV-2, KS, sex workers
U.K. MRC ($900,000)
KENYA
Nairobi and Mombasa
University of Nairobi, University of Manitoba, University of Washington, University of Ghent, Oxford University, and others
STDs, MTCT, sex workers, vaccines, immunology, epidemiology, HEPS, microbicides
Canada MRC, NIH, U.K. MRC, IAVI, U.S. Agency for International Development, Canadian International Development Agency, EC; 1980 ($3.6 million)
Nairobi
ITM, University of Nairobi, MoH
Transmission
EC
MALAWI
Blantyre
Johns Hopkins University, Malawi College of Medicine
HIVNET, MTCT, vitamin A
NIH, 1988 ($1.4 million*)
Lilongwe
University of North Carolina, Lilongwe Central Hospital
HIVNET, human herpesvirus-8, KS, MTCT, microbicides
NIH ($1.4 million*)
RWANDA
Kigali
University of Alabama, National Reference Lab
Long-term survivors
Luxembourg, Belgian agencies; 1997 ($660,000)
Kigali
Johns Hopkins
Vitamin A
NIH ($668,000)
SENEGAL
Dakar
IRD, University of Dakar, Hôpital Bichat
Subtypes
ANRS, 1994 ($530,000)
Dakar
Harvard University, University Cheikh Anta Diop
HIV-2
NIH ($700,000)
Dakar
University of Washington, University of Dakar
Epidemiology, cervical cancer
NIH ($453,000)
SOUTH AFRICA
Hlabisa
MRC
Vaccines, STDs
IAVI, 1993
Mtubatuba
MRC, University of Natal, University of Durban
Migrants
Wellcome Trust, 1995
Durban
MRC, HIVNET
Sex workers, epidemiology
NIH, 1990
Durban
MRC, Columbia University
VTN
NIH, 2000
Cape Town
University of Cape Town, University of Stellenbosch
Virology, epidemiology, vaccines, TB
MRC, IAVI
Soweto
Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital
MTCT, microbicides, prevention, pediatrics, HIVNET
NIH
Various sites
Population Council
Microbicides
NIH ($602,000)
Various sites
Columbia University, University of Natal
Immunity, pediatrics
NIH ($387,000)
TANZANIA
Dar es Salaam, Kagera
Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, University of Umeå, Muhimbili University
Epidemiology, immunology, natural history, behavior, MTCT, TB, vaccines
SAREC, 1986 ($660,000)
Mbeya
University of Munich, MoH, Muhimbili University, and others
Superinfection
EC, Henry Jackson Foundation, DFG (German Research Agency), Swiss Air; 2000 ($330,000)
Dar es Salaam
Harvard University, Muhumbili University
MTCT, subtypes, vitamins
NIH ($773,000)
UGANDA
Kampala
Makerere University, Johns Hopkins University, Mulago Hospital
MTCT, STDs, education, HIVNET, vitamin A, vaccines
NIH, 1989 ($10.7 million*)
Kampala
Case Western Reserve University, Makerere University
HIVNET, pathogenesis, TB
NIH, 1986 ($10.7 million*)
Kampala
Imperial College London, ITM, Uganda Virus Research Institute
EC, 1998
Entebbe
U.K. MRC, Uganda Virus Research Institute
Natural history, immunology, subtypes, epidemiology, STDs
U.K. MRC ($2.7 million)
Gulu
University of Milan, Lacor Hospital
Natural history, immunology, vaccines
Rakai
Makerere University, Columbia University, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Johns Hopkins University, U.S. NIAID
NIH ($613,000)
ZAMBIA
Lusaka
University of Alabama, Zambia UAB HIV Research Project, University Teaching Hospital
Discordant couples, TB, transmission, natural history, acute infection
NIH, 1994 ($1.6 million)
Lusaka
ITM, Tropical Disease Research Center
Transmission
EC
Lusaka
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, MoH, University Teaching Hospital
TB
ZIMBABWE
Harare
U.C. San Francisco, University of Zimbabwe, Stanford
HIVNET, STDs, microbicides, MTCT, immunology
NIH ($437,000)

Key:
Blue: Participating institutions
Red: Research focus
Green: Funding agencies, start date (annual budget)
Map colors indicate prevalence rates (p. 2151)

ANRS: National Agency for AIDS Research (France); CDC: Center for Disease Control (for given country); EC: European Commission; HEPS: Highly exposed, persistently seronegative people; HIVNET: NIH's HIV Network for Prevention Trials; IAVI: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative; IRD: Institute of Research for Development (France); ITM: Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp; KS: Kaposi's sarcoma; MoH: Ministry of Health (for given country); MRC: Medical Research Council (for given country); MTCT: mother-to-child transmission; NAP: National AIDS Program (for given country); NIH: National Institutes of Health (U.S.); SAREC: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency; STDs: sexually transmitted diseases; VTN: NIH's Vaccine Trials Network

* Shared funding

Preliminary

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