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Dirty dishes reveal 8000-year-old Neolithic diet plan

Want to eat like a farmer from Çatalhöyük, one of largest settlements of the Neolithic world located in modern-day Turkey? You can now make a more accurate grocery list, thanks to an international team of researchers who analyzed calcified deposits on pottery shards unearthed at the site, Smithsonian reports. By using a technique known as mass spectrometry to determine which proteins were stuck to each shard with a new level of precision, the scientists found the farmers were eating barley, wheat, peas, and bitter vetch, they report this week in Nature Communications. They also ate cows, sheep, and goats, and harvested the animals’ milk for cheese or yogurt.

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