Read our COVID-19 research and news.

National Academy Elects New Members

The prestigious National Academy of Sciences announced today that it has added 72 members to its ranks, bringing total membership to 1907 scientists. In addition, the academy named 15 scientists to the ranks of their nonvoting foreign associates, bringing that number to 330. The newly elected members of this exclusive club are listed below.

ALTER, HARVEY J.; chief, Infectious Diseases Section, and associate director of research, department of transfusion medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

ALTSHULER, BORIS L.; fellow, physical sciences, NEC Research Institute, and professor of physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

ANDERSON, KATHRYN V.; professor, Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, and member, Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York City

BARISH, BARRY C.; Linde Professor of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

BARTON, JACQUELINE K.; Arthur and Marian Hanisch Memorial Professor of Chemistry, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

BAX, ADRIAAN; chief, NMR Biophysical Spectroscopy, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

BAZANT, ZDENEK P.; Walter P. Murphy Professor of Civil Engineering and Materials Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

BEACHY, PHILIP A.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of molecular biology and genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore

BLUM, MANUEL; professor of computer science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

BONGAARTS, JOHN; vice president, policy research division, The Population Council, New York City

BROWN, PATRICK O.; associate investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

BUSTAMANTE, CARLOS J.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of molecular and cell biology and of physics, University of California, Berkeley

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM C.; adjunct professor and Dana Fellow, Research Institute for Scientific Emeriti, Drew University, Madison, New Jersey

CANTOR, HARVEY; chair, department of cancer immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and professor of pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston

CAREY, SUSAN E.; professor of psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

CARLSTROM, JOHN E.; Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Distinguished Service Professor, department of astronomy and astrophysics, University of Chicago

CEPKO, CONSTANCE L.; associate investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor and head, Ph.D. Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, department of genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston

CHANDLER, VICKI L.; professor of plant sciences and of molecular and cellular biology, department of plant sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson

CHISARI, FRANCIS V.; professor, department of molecular and experimental medicine, and director, General Clinical Research Center, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California

CLARK, WILLIAM C.; Harvey Brooks Professor of International Science, Public Policy, and Human Development, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

DENTON, GEORGE H.; Libra Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary Studies, University of Maine, Orono

DOEBLEY, JOHN FRANCIS; professor of genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

DOOLITTLE, W. FORD; director, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Program in Evolutionary Biology, and professor, department of biochemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

DOUDNA, JENNIFER A.; associate investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Henry Ford II Professor, department of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

DUVICK, DONALD N.; affiliate professor of plant breeding, Iowa State University, Ames

EASTERLIN, RICHARD A.; University Professor, department of economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

ESMON, CHARLES T.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Lloyd Noble Chair in Cardiovascular Research; and Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation Professor, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City

FLAVELL, RICHARD ANTHONY; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor and chair, department of immunology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conneticut

FRAUMENI, JOSEPH F.; director, division of cancer epidemiology and genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland GALLISTEL, CHARLES R.; professor of psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey

GLIMCHER, LAURIE H.; professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Irene Heinz Given Professor of Immunology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston

GOODCHILD, MICHAEL F.; professor and director, Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, University of California, Santa Barbara

GOODMAN, MORRIS; Distinguished Professor of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit

GOODMAN, RICHARD H.; director and senior scientist, Vollum Institute, and vice chair of medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland

GROTZINGER, JOHN P.; Schrock Professor of Earth Sciences and director, department of earth, atmospheric, and planetary sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

HAEBERLI, WILLY; R.G. Herb Distinguished Professor of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

HARRIS, CHARLES B.; professor of chemistry, University of California, Berkeley

HAWKES, KRISTEN; Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and chair, department of anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

HENNESSY, JOHN L.; president, Stanford University, Stanford, California

INGRAM, VERNON MARTIN; John and Dorothy Wilson Professor of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

KIMBLE, H. JEFFREY; William L. Valentine Professor of Physics, California Institute of Technology

KNUDSEN, ERIC I.; Edward C. and Amy H. Sewall Professor and chair, department of neurobiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

LEVITT, MICHAEL; professor of structural biology and chair, department of structural biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

LUBENSKY, TOM C.; Mary Amanda Wood Professor and chair, department of physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

MACDIARMID, ALAN G.; Blanchard Professor of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania

MARCY, GEOFFREY W.; director, Center for Integrative Planetary Science, and professor, department of astronomy, University of California, Berkeley

MARTIN, GAIL ROBERTA; professor of anatomy and director, Program in Developmental Biology, University of California, San Francisco

MATTHEWS, ROWENA G.; Robert Greenberg Distinguished University Professor of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

MCLAUGHLIN, DAVID W.; professor of mathematics and director, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York City

MCWILLIAMS, JAMES C.; research scientist, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo.; and Louis B. Slichter Professor of Earth Science, University of California, Los Angeles

NISBETT, RICHARD E.; co-director, Culture and Cognition Program, and Theodore M. Newcomb Distinguished University Professor, department of psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

PERLMUTTER, SAUL; senior scientist, E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California

RAMANATHAN, VEERABHADRAN; Victor C. Alderson Professor and director, Center for Clouds, Chemistry, and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla

RATNER, MARK A.; Charles and Emma Morrison Professor of Chemistry, Northwestern University

ROSHKO, ANATOL; Theodore von Karman Professor of Aeronautics, Emeritus, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

SANES, JOSHUA R.; Alumni Endowed Professor of Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis

SARNAK, PETER; professor of mathematics, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University

SCHNEIDER, STEPHEN H.; professor of biological sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California

SCHUBERT, GERALD; professor of geophysics and planetary sciences, University of California, Los Angeles

SHOR, PETER W.; member and fellow, AT&T Laboratories Research, Florham Park, New Jersey

SIEGMUND, DAVID O.; professor of statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California

SIU, YUM-TONG; William Elwood Byerly Professor of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

SPEAR, PATRICIA GAIL; Guy and Anne Youmans Professor and chair, department of microbiology and immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago

SPIEGELMAN, BRUCE M.; professor of cell biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston

SÜDHOF, THOMAS; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Gill Distinguished Chair in Neuroscience Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas

SUMMERS, LAWRENCE H.; president, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

TILMAN, G. DAVID; director, Cedar Creek Natural History Area, and Distinguished McKnight University Professor, department of ecology, evolution, and behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

TREMAINE, SCOTT D.; professor, department of astrophysical sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

VENTER, J. CRAIG; chair, The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, Maryland

WEINBAUM, SHELDON; CUNY Distinguished Professor, department of mechanical engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering, City College of the City University of New York, New York City

WOLFENDEN, RICHARD V.; Alumni Distinguished Professor of Biochemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

WONG, CHI-HUEY; member, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, and Ernest W. Hahn Professor and Chair in Chemistry, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California

Newly elected foreign associates:

ARSUAGA, JUAN LUIS; Titular Professor of Paleontology and co-director, Atapuerca Research Project, department of paleontology, Faculty of Geology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain)

DE LA CRUZ, FRANCISCO; professor and head, low-temperature physics laboratory, Instituto Balseiro, Rio Negro (Argentina)

ERTL, GERHARD; professor and director, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, Berlin (Germany)

FERENCZY, LAJOS; professor of microbiology, department of microbiology, University of Szeged (Hungary)

FERREIRA, SERGIO HENRIQUE; professor of pharmacology, School of Medicine of Ribeira Preto, University of Sao Paulo (Brazil)

GUSTAFSSON, JAN-ÅKE; professor and chairman, department of medical nutrition and director, Center for Biotechnology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet (Sweden)

HOSKINS, BRIAN JOHN; professor of meteorology and Royal Society Research Professor, Reading University (U.K.)

JESSELL, THOMAS M.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of biochemistry and molecular biophysics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (U.K.)

KETTERLE, WOLFGANG; research scientist, University of Heidelberg, and John D. MacArthur Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Germany)

LEE, HO WANG; president, National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea, Seoul (Republic of Korea)

MAK, TAK WAH; professor of medical biophysics and of immunology and senior staff scientist, Ontario Cancer Institute, University of Toronto (Canada)

NAIR, GOPINATH BALAKRISH; deputy director, laboratory sciences division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh (India)

OHTA, TOMOKO; professor emeritus, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima (Japan)

RUELLE, DAVID P.; professor, Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, Bures-Sur-Yvette, France (Belgium)

SCHINDLER, DAVID; Killam Memorial Professor of Ecology, department of biological sciences, University of Alberta (Canada)