State of the Planet

In 2003, on the 35th anniversary of Garrett Hardin’s Science essay “The Tragedy of the Commons,” Science’s editors commissioned a series of articles surveying Earth’s living and physical resources and discussing the challenges related to their sustainable management. This series, entitled “State of the Planet,” was collected into a volume published by Island Press in 2006, with updated articles accompanied by introductory matter and commentary by Science’s then Editor-in-Chief, Donald Kennedy. Further State of the Planet articles, published in Science from 2006 to 2008, were also gathered and updated in book form (again by Island Press); this second volume focused on the complexities of understanding and dealing with climate change, looking in particular at mitigation challenges and energy solutions. The series of original articles published in Science are available as a combined collection here.

Andrew M. Sugden

For additional recent Science collections, see here.

10.1126/science.aau5593

 

Human Population: The Next Half Century
Joel E. Cohen
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1088665

 

Prospects for Biodiversity
Martin Jenkins
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1088666

 

The Future for Fisheries
Daniel Pauly, Jackie Alder, Elena Bennett, Villy Christensen, Peter Tyedmers, Reg Watson
Journal Article | Science Date: 20-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1088667

 

Global Freshwater Resources: Soft-Path Solutions for the 21st Century
Peter H. Gleick
Journal Article | Science Date: 28-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1089967

 

Energy Resources and Global Development
Jeffrey Chow, Raymond J. Kopp, Paul R. Portney
Journal Article | Science Date: 28-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1091939

 

Global Air Quality and Pollution
Hajime Akimoto
Journal Article | Science Date: 4-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1092666

 

Modern Global Climate Change
Thomas R. Karl, Kevin E. Trenberth
Journal Article | Science Date: 4-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1090228

 

The Tragedy of the Commons
Garrett Hardin
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Dec-1968 DOI: 10.1126/science.162.3859.1243

 

The Struggle to Govern the Commons
Thomas Dietz, Elinor Ostrom, Paul C. Stern
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1091015

 

Social Capital and the Collective Management of Resources
Jules Pretty
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1090847

 

Managing Tragedies: Understanding Conflict over Common Pool Resources
William M. Adams, Dan Brockington, Jane Dyson, Bhaskar Vira
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1087771

 

Global Food Security: Challenges and Policies
Mark W. Rosegrant, Sarah A. Cline
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1092958

 

New Visions for Addressing Sustainability
A. J. McMichael, C. D. Butler, Carl Folke
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1090001

 

The Burden of Chronic Disease
C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor, Enamul Karim
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1092488

 

The Challenge of Long-Term Climate Change
K. Hasselmann, M. Latif, G. Hooss, C. Azar, O. Edenhofer, C. C. Jaeger, O. M. Johannessen, C. Kemfert, M. Welp, A. Wokaun
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1090858

 

Climate Change: The Political Situation
Robert T. Watson
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1093160

 

Tales from a Troubled Marriage: Science and Law in Environmental Policy
Oliver Houck
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-Dec-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1093758

 

Science and Technology for Sustainable Well-Being
John P. Holdren
Journal Article | Science Date: 25-Jan-2008 DOI: 10.1126/science.1153386

 

Renewable Energy Sources and the Realities of Setting an Energy Agenda
Janez Potočnik
Journal Article | Science Date: 9-Feb-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1139086

 

Ethanol for a Sustainable Energy Future
José Goldemberg
Journal Article | Science Date: 9-Feb-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1137013

 

The Billion-Ton Biofuels Vision
Chris Somerville
Journal Article | Science Date: 2-Jun-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1130034

 

The Biofuels Conundrum
Donald Kennedy
Journal Article | Science Date: 27-Apr-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1142978

 

Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Low-Input High-Diversity Grassland Biomass
David Tilman, Jason Hill, Clarence Lehman
Journal Article | Science Date: 8-Dec-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1133306

 

Comment on "Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Low-Input High-Diversity Grassland Biomass"
Michael P. Russelle, R. Vance Morey, John M. Baker, Paul M. Porter, Hans-Joachim G. Jung
Journal Article | Science Date: 15-Jun-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1139388

 

Response to Comment on "Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Low-Input High-Diversity Grassland Biomass"
David Tilman, Jason Hill, Clarence Lehman
Journal Article | Science Date: 15-Jun-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1140365

 

Can the Upstarts Top Silicon?
Robert F. Service
Journal Article | Science Date: 8-Feb-2008 DOI: 10.1126/science.319.5864.718

 

Warming and Earlier Spring Increase Western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity
A. L. Westerling, H. G. Hidalgo, D. R. Cayan, T. W. Swetnam
Journal Article | Science Date: 6-Jul-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1128834

 

How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring?
Frank J. Wentz, Lucrezia Ricciardulli, Kyle Hilburn, Carl Mears
Journal Article | Science Date: 31-May-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1140746

 

Running Out of Water--and Time
John Bohannon
Journal Article | Science Date: 25-Aug-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.313.5790.1085

 

Rapid Advance of Spring Arrival Dates in Long-Distance Migratory Birds
Niclas Jonzén, Andreas Lindén, Torbjørn Ergon, Endre Knudsen, Jon Olav Vik, Diego Rubolini, Dario Piacentini, Christian Brinch, Fernando Spina, Lennart Karlsson, Martin Stervander, Arne Andersson, Jonas Waldenström, Aleksi Lehikoinen, Erik Edvardsen, Rune Solvang, Nils Chr. Stenseth
Journal Article | Science Date: 30-Jun-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1126119

 

Perspectives on the Arctic's Shrinking Sea-Ice Cover
Mark C. Serreze, Marika M. Holland, Julienne Stroeve
Journal Article | Science Date: 16-Mar-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1139426

 

Recent Sea-Level Contributions of the Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheets
Andrew Shepherd, Duncan Wingham
Journal Article | Science Date: 16-Mar-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1136776

 

IPCC Report Lays Out Options for Taming Greenhouse Gases
John Bohannon
Journal Article | Science Date: 11-May-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.316.5826.812

 

The Limits of Consensus
Michael Oppenheimer, Brian C. O'Neill, Mort Webster, Shardul Agrawala
Journal Article | Science Date: 14-Sep-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1144831

 

A Closer Look at the IPCC Report
Susan Solomon, Richard Alley, Jonathan Gregory, Peter Lemke, Martin Manning
Journal Article | Science Date: 25-Jan-2008 DOI: 10.1126/science.319.5862.409c

 

Simulating Arctic Climate Warmth and Icefield Retreat in the Last Interglaciation
Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Shawn J. Marshall, Jonathan T. Overpeck, Gifford H. Miller, Aixue Hu,
Journal Article | Science Date: 24-Mar-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1120808

 

A Semi-Empirical Approach to Projecting Future Sea-Level Rise
Stefan Rahmstorf
Journal Article | Science Date: 14-Dec-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1135456

 

Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030
David B. Lobell, Marshall B. Burke, Claudia Tebaldi, Michael D. Mastrandrea, Walter P. Falcon, Rosamond L. Naylor
Journal Article | Science Date: 1-Feb-2008 DOI: 10.1126/science.1152339

 

Critical Assumptions in the Stern Review on Climate Change
William Nordhaus
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Jul-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1137316

 

Climate Change: Risk, Ethics, and the Stern Review
Nicholas Stern, Chris Taylor
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Jul-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1142920

 

A Combined Mitigation/Geoengineering Approach to Climate Stabilization
T. M. L. Wigley
Journal Article | Science Date: 14-Sep-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1131728

 

Preparing to Capture Carbon
Daniel P. Schrag
Journal Article | Science Date: 9-Feb-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1137632

 

A Guide to CO2 Sequestration
Klaus S. Lackner
Journal Article | Science Date: 13-Jun-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1079033

 

Carbon Trading
William H. Schlesinger
Journal Article | Science Date: 24-Nov-2006 DOI: 10.1126/science.1137177

 

Carbon Trading Over Taxes
William Chameides, Michael Oppenheimer
Journal Article | Science Date: 23-Mar-2007 DOI: 10.1126/science.1138299

 

Tropical Soils and Food Security: The Next 50 Years
M. A. Stocking
Journal Article | Science Date: 20-Nov-2003 DOI: 10.1126/science.1088579

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