(Southern house mosquito)
Dominant vector of lymphatic filariasis, a disease caused by threadlike parasitic worms. Filariasis, which has infected some 120 million people worldwide, can lead to genital damage and elephantiasis.
Distribution: Tropical and subtropical regions across the globe.
Breeding habitat: Mainly in drains, cesspits, and other polluted water bodies.
Feeding: Mammals, including people, and birds.
Diseases: Also transmits St. Louis encephalitis and probably West Nile virus.