Rarely does scientific falsification end in criminal charges, but the Copenhagen City Court in Denmark has just sentenced neuroscientist Milena Penkowa to 9 months of “conditional imprisonment,” Retraction Watch reports. The former professor at the University of Copenhagen was convicted of scientific misconduct, fabricating and publishing the results of animal research that never actually took place. The court says Penkowa not only made up data for her 2003 thesis, but later fabricated even more data to cover her tracks. Penkowa—who pled not guilty—remains free on a suspended sentence. Should she commit academic fraud again, the court says she’ll find herself behind bars.