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Major quake could strike one of world’s most densely populated regions

Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, lies on a major, active fault line between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, National Geographic reports.  The megathrust fault between the two plates is the same type that caused the 9.0-magnitude quake in Japan in 2011, and could result in a seismic event of the same magnitude, the researchers write in Nature Geoscience. The findings are the latest in an ongoing debate over whether the Indian subcontinent is still crashing into Asia, and 9 years of GPS monitoring shows that the plates move 1.3 to 1.7 centimeters annually. The movement shows that the Indian plate is still sliding under the Eurasian plate—but is stuck and building up energy. The researchers said they do not have enough data to determine when or whether a major earthquake would occur, but efforts to educate the public are slowly underway.

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