Seven scientists from the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience, and neuroscience have earned the biennially awarded Kavli Prize. Each field gets $1 million in prize money, which is split among the winners. The prize, first commissioned in 2008 by Norwegian philanthropist Fred Kavli's Kavli Foundation, aims to support seminal research picked by an international panel of experts from several countries' national academies. This year's winners were announced today in Oslo. They are:
In astrophysics: David C. Jewitt, University of California, Los Angeles; Jane X. Luu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); and Michael E. Brown, California Institute of Technology, for their discovery and description of the Kuiper belt.
In nanoscience: Mildred S. Dresselhaus, MIT, for her work on electron-phonon interactions and thermal transport in nanostructures.
In neuroscience: Cornelia Isabella Bargmann, Rockefeller University; Winfried Denk, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Germany; and Ann M. Graybiel, MIT, for their research into the neuronal mechanisms that underlie perception and decision-making.