Today’s ScienceLive chat will include Anthony Fauci, director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and scientists Steven Deeks and David Margolis. From our description:
Beginning in 1996, cocktails of anti-HIV drugs proved that they rescue people at death's door and stave off AIDS for decades. Despite initial hopes that the drugs might eradicate the virus from the body, it soon became clear that no one was cured because of stubborn reservoirs of cells infected with latent virus.
Today, an improved understanding of how HIV remains latent and new ideas about how to purge the reservoirs have led to the biggest push yet to cure people, including millions of new dollars being poured into the effort. And the field now knows that a cure is indeed possible because of an unusual stem cell transplant in one HIV-infected person with leukemia who no longer has any detectable virus in his body.