The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) announced today that it has elected 72 scientists and engineers to join its exclusive ranks, bringing the total number of active members to 1874. In addition, the academy posthumously elected Leonard Mandel, a professor emeritus of physics and optics at the University of Rochester. (Mandel died on 9 February 2001, 6 days after an NAS class membership committee had put his name on the ballot.)
Another 15 foreign researchers from 10 countries were chosen to become "associates" of the NAS. The academy now has 325 of these nonvoting members.
The newly elected members--and their affiliations at the time of the election--are:
ALCOCK, CHARLES; professor, department of physics and astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
BEATY, BARRY J.; University Distinguished Professor and director, Arthropod-Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, department of microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins
BENDER, MICHAEL L.; professor, department of geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
BINFORD, LEWIS R.; Distinguished Professor of Anthropology, department of anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas
BJORKMAN, PAMELA J.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, division of biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
BREIMAN, LEO; Emeritus Professor, department of statistics, University of California, Berkeley
BROOKHART, MAURICE S.; William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Chemistry, department of chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
BROOKS, FREDERICK P., JR.; Kenan Professor of Computer Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
BROWN, ROBERT A.; provost and Warren K. Lewis Professor of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
BRUGGE, JOAN SIEFERT; professor, department of cell biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston
BUMPASS, LARRY LEE; N. B. Ryder Professor of Sociology, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison
CANTLEY, LEWIS C.; professor, department of cell biology, Harvard Medical School, and chief, division of signal transduction, department of medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston
CARPENTER, STEPHEN R.; Halverson Professor, Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison
CAVA, ROBERT JOSEPH; associate director, Princeton Materials Institute, and professor of chemistry and materials institute, Princeton University
CERLING, THURE E.; professor, department of geology and geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City
CRESSWELL, PETER; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of biology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
CRIM, F. FLEMING, JR.; professor of chemistry, department of chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison
CURTISS, ROY, III; George William and Irene Koechig Freiberg Professor of Biology, department of biology, Washington University, St. Louis
DALGARNO, ALEXANDER; physicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and Phillips Professor of Astronomy, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.
DE CAMILLI, PIETRO V.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of cell biology, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
DUKE, CHARLES B.; vice president and senior research fellow, Xerox Research and Technology, Xerox Corp., Webster, N.Y.
EINHORN, LAWRENCE H.; Distinguished Professor of Medicine, department of medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis
EXTON, JOHN H.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of molecular physiology and of pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
FEARON, DOUGLAS T.; Wellcome Trust Research Professor of Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrookes Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K.
FIELD, CHRISTOPHER B.; staff scientist, department of plant biology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, Calif.
FLYNN, GEORGE WILLIAM; director, Microelectronic Sciences and Columbia Radiation Laboratories, and Higgins Professor of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York City
FREEDMAN, STUART J.; professor, department of physics, University of California, Berkeley
FRIEDMAN, JEFFREY M.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and director, Starr Center for Human Genetics, Rockefeller University, New York City
FUNG, INEZ Y.; professor and director, Center for Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Berkeley
GLAZER, ALEXANDER N.; director, Natural Reserve System, and professor, division of biochemistry and molecular biology, department of molecular and cell biology, University of California, Berkeley
GOLDBERG, ROBERT BRUCE; Distinguished Professor of Biology, department of molecular, cell, and developmental biology, University of California, Los Angeles
GORDON, JEFFREY I.; Alumni Professor and head, department of molecular biology and pharmacology, and director, division of biology and biomedical sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis
GOSSARD, ARTHUR CHARLES; professor of materials, electrical, and computer engineering, materials department, University of California, Santa Barbara
GRAY, JAMES N.; senior researcher, Microsoft Corp., San Francisco
GREEN, PHILIP P.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of molecular biotechnology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
GROUDINE, MARK T.; professor of radiation oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, and director, division of basic sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle
HEEGER, ALAN J.; professor of physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, and chief scientist and chairman of the board, UNIAX Corp., Santa Barbara
HEMLEY, RUSSELL J.; research staff member, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.
INGRAM, LONNIE O'NEAL; Distinguished Professor, department of microbiology and cell science, University of Florida, Gainesville
JOKIPII, JACK RANDOLPH; Regents' Professor, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson
JONES, RONALD WINTHROP; Xerox Professor of Economics, department of economics, University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y.
JOYCE, GERALD F.; investigator, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, and professor, departments of chemistry and molecular biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif.
KAHNEMAN, DANIEL; Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University
KIRBY, ROBION C.; professor, department of mathematics, University of California, Berkeley
KLAENHAMMER, TODD R.; William Neal Reynolds Professor of Food Science and Microbiology and NCSU Alumni Distinguished Professor, department of food science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh
KOEHL, MIMI A. R.; professor of integrative biology, department of integrative biology, University of California, Berkeley
KURIYAN, JOHN; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Patrick E. and Beatrice M. Haggerty Professor, Laboratories of Molecular Biophysics, Rockefeller University
LAGARIAS, J. CLARK; Paul K. and Ruth R. Stumpf Professor of Plant Biochemistry and professor, section of molecular and cellular biology, University of California, Davis
LANDMESSER, LYNN T.; professor and chair, department of neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland
LIFTON, RICHARD P.; associate investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of genetics, medicine, and molecular biophysics and biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine
MARGULIS, GREGORY A.; professor, department of mathematics, Yale University
MCCLELLAND, JAMES L.; professor of psychology and of computer science, and co-director, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh
MILLON, RENE; Professor Emeritus, department of anthropology, University of Rochester, New York
NORDHAUS, WILLIAM D.; A. Whitney Griswold Professor, department of economics, Yale University
OSTROM, ELINOR; Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science, Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington
PRESCOTT, CHARLES YOUNG; professor of physics, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford, Calif.
PUTNAM, ROBERT D.; professor of government, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
RICHTER, FRANK MORRIS; Sewell Avery Distinguished Service Professor, department of geophysical sciences, Henry Hinds Laboratory, University of Chicago, Chicago
SAARI, DONALD G.; Distinguished Professor of Economics and professor of mathematics, department of economics, University of California, Irvine
SCULLY, MARLAN O.; Hershel Burgess Distinguished Professor of Physics, department of physics, and director, Center for Theoretical Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station
SEYFERTH, DIETMAR; Robert T. Haslam and Bradley Dewey Professor of Chemistry, department of chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
SOMMER, ALFRED; professor of epidemiology and international health and dean, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore
STEINMAN, RALPH MARVIN; senior physician and Henry G. Kunkel Professor, Rockefeller University, New York City
SUMMERS, JESSE W.; professor of molecular genetics and microbiology, Cancer Center, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque
TANK, DAVID W.; head, Biological Computation Research Laboratories, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, N.J.
TAYLOR, EDWIN W.; Louis Block Professor of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology and professor, department of molecular genetics and cell biology, University of Chicago
VALE, RONALD D.; associate investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and William K. Hamilton Distinguished Professorship of Anesthesia, department of cellular and molecular pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco
VALIANT, LESLIE G.; Gordon McKay Professor of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Harvard University
WALD, ROBERT MANUEL; professor of physics, Enrico Fermi Institute, and director, Masters Program in the Physical Sciences, University of Chicago
WATERMAN, MICHAEL S.; University Professor, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
ZAMBRYSKI, PATRICIA C.; professor, department of plant and microbial biology, University of California, Berkeley
ZELMANOV, EFIM I.; professor, department of mathematics, Yale University
Newly elected foreign associates:
ALLENDE, JORGE E.; professor and director, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago (Chile)
BAR-YOSEF, OFER; professor, Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and George G. and Janet G. B. MacCurdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University (Israel)
COEN, ENRICO SANDRO; deputy head, department of genetics, John Innes Centre, and John Innes Foundation Professor, University of East Anglia, Norwich (U.K.)
CRANE, PETER ROBERT; director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (U.K.)
DASGUPTA, PARTHA SARATHI; Frank Ramsey Professor and chair, Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K. (India)
DOLL, RICHARD; honorary member, cancer studies unit, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Oxford (U.K.)
HANSCH, THEODOR W.; professor, physics section, University of Munich, and director, Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching (Germany)
HONJO, TASUKU; dean, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine (Japan)
MACLENNAN, DAVID; J. W. Billes Professor, Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto (Canada)
OXBURGH, ERNEST RONALD; rector, Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, London (U.K.)
PALIS, JACOB; professor, Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
POWELL, MICHAEL; John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Applied Numerical Analysis, University of Cambridge (U.K.)
SAVEANT, JEAN-MICHEL; directeur de recherche, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris (France)
VAN DISHOECK, EWINE F.; professor of molecular astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University (Netherlands)
YANAGIMACHI, RYUZO; professor of anatomy and reproductive biology, department of anatomy and reproductive biology, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu (Japan)