Electrical Impulses Win Big

The creators of the Internet and the pacemaker are being honored this year with $1 million in awards, the National Academy of Engineering announced 31 January. That figure includes the annual Charles Stark Draper Prize and a new $500,000 award, the biennial Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize, established to honor engineering achievements of "critical importance."

The Draper Prize will be shared by Internet pioneers Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, and Lawrence Roberts. The Russ award goes to Earl Bakken and Wilson Greatbatch for inventing and developing the first human heart pacemaker. Russ, the founder of Systems Research Laboratories, has endowed the prize through Ohio University, Athens, where he graduated in 1942.

Both prizes will be presented at an academy dinner on 20 February.

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The National Academy of Engineering