In any new field of research, especially one with the broad potential impact of regenerative medicine, there are going to be challenges. It is how those challenges are dealt with that defines the success of the new endeavor. China today is managing not only swift growth in her economy, but also a rapid increase in the affluence of her populace. With this, comes changes in lifestyle and even culture as well as higher expectations of the level of medical treatment received. In order to address these issues, China is intent on growing both its basic research prowess and providing better training for its clinicians, nurses, and other medical staff in the increasingly important field of regenerative medicine. This booklet outlines some of the areas of focus for China as it pushes the boundaries of research and treatment.